Kingdom of Sparta. 5 likes. Sparta was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece. In antiquity the city-state was known as Lacedaemon, while the name. Sparta city of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus. Spartan Society. Sparta's government was headed by two. Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete and founder of the kingdom /city state, legendarily named the city of Sparta after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas. The Marvelous Madcap Mojo of A Lazy Braindead Bozo days ago Things are too quiet. Spartiates who have shown remarkably higher standards of both physical and mental talent will be given todays football tips training which will allow them to become special forces when they become of age. Fortunes swing either way, but Athens' failure to take the Corinthian colony of Syracuse and the subsequent loss of thousands of troops almost brings the city and its empire to its knees. In no other city-state did women receive any kind of formal education. Not all inhabitants of the Spartan state were considered to be citizens. ThebesAthensCorinthand Argos.